What is a DNS Lookup?
DNS Lookup is a process or internet protocol used to translate a domain into an IP address and vice versa. When we talk about DNS lookup then by it we mean 2 opposite techniques. The first is forward lookup and the second is reverse lookup.
Forward & Reverse DNS
With forward lookup, we look for the IP address that corresponds to a specific domain. In reverse lookup, as opposed to forward lookup,
we search for the domain or host name that corresponds to the given IP address via the IP address self.
Reverse DNS lookup for IPv4 addresses uses the in-addr.arpa domain. So for example reverse lookup for IPv4 184.108.40.206 will query 220.127.116.11.in-addr.arpa and give result dns9.quad9.net
When we talk about IPv6 addresses then they unlike IPv4 addresses use a special domain ip6.arpa. For example PTR record for Google IPv6 address 2607:f8b0:4009:816::200e in reverse resolution will be e.0.0.2.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.6.18.104.22.168.0.0.4.0. b.8.f.22.214.171.124.ip6.arpa
Check DNS Records
DNS lookup is primarily designed to check DNS records for domains. So here you can get information about the following DNS record types:
- A record - details about 32-bit IPv4 associated with the domain
- AAAA record - details regarding the 128-bit IPv6 used by the host
- PTR record - A pointer record which gives back the domain record name and is used for reverse DNS lookup
- MX record - A mail exchanger used by the domain to send email
- NS record - Authoritative NS - name servers
- SOA record - specifies authoritative information including email from the administrator of the requested domain, serial number of the domain and a couple of other indicators
- SPF record - It is an abbreviation for Sender Policy Framework which is a type of authentication that prevents fake email and that tells us that the email server is authorized to send email for a given domain.
- DMARC record - It stands for Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance which is also an extra type of email protocol authentication and serves to protect an email domain from unauthorized use. With the DMARC record you show that the email is protected with SPF or DKIM and also what to do if these methods fail.
For isolated specific tests for PTR, NS and MX where you can get extra information about the priority of mail servers and their IP addresses do not forget to check Reverse DNS, NS Lookup and especially MX Lookup.
- IP Details
- IP: 126.96.36.199
- Reverse DNS - PTR Check
- NS - The Authoritative Nameservers: [ Class: - TTL: ]